Skip Navigation Links
Armoured Corps
 
 History

This perilous journey from Ahmednagar to Nowshera commenced with the announcement of independence of Pakistan as made by Quaid-i­-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. On  the same day, the Pakistan Armoured Corps was born. At that time, there was no Armoured Corps training institution in any area which later on became part of Pakistan. All such training institutions were located at four different places in India. These are:-

  • Armoured Corps Officers Training School at Ahmednagar.
  • Armoured Corps Training Centre No.1 at Lucknow.
  • Armoured Corps Training Centre No.2 at Ferozepur.
  • Armoured Corps Training Centre No.3 at Babina.

Under the Independence Act, it was decided that the Indian Army, including the Armoured Corps, will be divided at the ratio of 2:1 between India and Pakistan. The Armoured Corps School at Ahmednagar had to stay with India, and the Muslim instructors were allowed to opt for the newly born state of Pakistan. In addition, the training equipment at the School was also to be distributed as per the decided ratio. To carry out this colossal task of distribution, a board composed of British, Muslim, Sikh and Hindu officers was constituted under the chairmanship of Brigadier Gimson, who was the Commandant of the Armour School at that time. On similar lines, other boards were constituted, for all other training Centres.  

After the arrival of Mountbatten, as Viceroy of India, the partition date was announced. Time was precariously short. The C-in-C, Field Marshall Sir Claude Auchinleck and his staff produced the plan for the division of the Army. The division of the Indian Armoured Corps was based upon the principle that regiments with ethnic majorities would be allotted to their respective ethnicities. Pakistan's share was 6 regiments, (5 H, 6 L, 11 C, 13 L, 19 Land Scinde Horse). Since Guides had one Dogra and one Sikh squadron, it was allotted to India. Scinde Horse with one KK (Khaim Khani) and one Pathan squadron was earmarked for Pakistan. Because of the Guide's association of over 90 years with Mardan, the CO requested for it to be allocated to Pakistan. The C- in- C refused, however, a miraculous freak changed our fate. The KK squadron of Scinde Horse decided to remain in India as their homes in Rajputana were now part of India. This happy decision of the KK squadron brought the Guides to Pakistan. It received the Pathan squadron from Scinde Horse and the PM squadron from Hodson's Horse, giving its Sikh squadron to Hodson's Horse and its Dogra squadron to Scinde Horse.  

"On Partition, the Indian Army retained what was the Centre and School of the Indian Armoured Corps along with a majority of the officer cadre, most of whom were non-Muslims, in accordance with the British policy. Consequently, with very few officers in Armoured Corps, all below the rank of lieutenant colonel, and with the GHQ placing emphasis mostly on the Corps of Infantry, the organization of the Armoured Corps was adversely affected in the initial period preceding Partition. The overall situation was so pathetic that there was no existence of even a Directorate for the Armoured Corps, which is so vital for regulating the affairs and solving the evolutionary problems of the Corps, there being just a Grade-2 staff officer who was a British officer named Major Ritter.

The Armoured Corps Directorate was established at a much later stage when Brigadier Idrees, Commander 3rd Armoured Brigade was appointed Director Armoured Corps and was later replaced with the rank of a Major General. The Armourtd Corps Centre and School were established at Nowshera. Matters at these institutions progressed slowly till Colonel Ihsanullah Babar took over as Commandant, after which things began to improve considerably at a quicker pace as procedures, drills and training policies were streamlined. top
 

 

 1947-1948
 

After taking over some share of stores, equipment and funds,assets were moved to Pakistan. Nowshera was selected for the Armoured Corps Centre and School. The advance party arrived at Nowshera in November 1947 and the main body followed a month later. The Sikh Regimental Training Centre and British Military Hospital lines were taken over. Considerable difficulties were experienced both in India and on arrival here, but due to the sheer hard work, initiative and dedication displayed by the officers, junior commissioned officers and soldiers, all difficulties were overcome and the Armoured Corps Centre and School was established at Nowshera Cantonment.

 In April 1948, Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah visited this establishment and addressed a Durbar which is an honour for the Armoured Corps. In April 1948, the first attestation parade was held for the first batch of recruits to pass out and since then a steady flow has been maintained.

top

 War Performance 1965 War
13 Lancers  

The regiment acted as the spearhead of the advance in Akhnur Sector of occupied Kashmir and penetrated 23 miles into enemy territory. Fourteen soldiers were martyred, including three officers, while twenty eight were wounded. For these actions the regiment was awarded the battle honour Dewa – Chumb and Jaurian 1965 and was also awarded the title of The Spearhead Regiment.

Guides Cavalry (Frontier Force)  

The regiment, as part of 6 Armoured Division, fought the Battle of Chawinda along Charwa axis. It was ordered to hold and repulse the advancing elements of the Indian 1st Armoured Division on approach Charwa-Phillaura-Chawinda. Later the unit put in a regimental attack on 8 September. As a result, the Indian 16 Cavalry lost 16 tanks and 8 tanks were captured, while the unit lost 4 tanks. In this attack 3 officers of the unit embraced Shahadat. These officers were awarded Sitara-i-Jurat for their gallantry.

6 Lancers  

During this war the regiment operated in the Khem Karan Sector under command 11 Division. It was 6 Lancers that stepped first into Indian territory and under its brave Commanding Officer, Lt Col Sahib Zad Gul, captured Khem Karan, amongst the first Indian towns to be captured by Pakistan. During this war, 2 officers, 11 Non-Commissioned Officers and 7 sowars of the regiment embraced Shahadat, including the Commanding Officer.

 20 Lancers  

During this war, the regiment was under 15 Division in the Sialkot sector. The regiment took part in the defence of Sialkot Cantonment and Dallowali Railway Station. Numerous enemy tanks, and other munition were destroyed. Fifteen soldiers of the regiment embraced Shahadat.

 4 Cavalry  

The regiment less reconnaissance troop participated in Indo-Pak War as part of 6 Armoured Brigade ex 1 Armoured Division in Khem Karan Sector. After suffering heavy casualties the regiment captured its objective. The regiment also celebrates 10 September to recall those memories and rejuvenate the sprit that is FOURTH CAVALRY. The reconnaissance troop of the regiment was placed under command 8 Baloch Regiment, and went into action in Chhamb Sector. During this war, 2 Junior ommissioned Officers, 4 Non-Commissioned Officerss and 11 sowars embraced Shahdat. Two officers of the regiment were awarded Sitara-i-Jurats along with Tamgha-i-Jurats to other soldiers of the regiment.

 22 Cavalry  

The regiment saw active field service in Sialkot Sector. It was given the mission of holding the railway line from Gunna Khurd to Rakh Baba Bhureshah, and preventing enemy penetration across the “Black Line” as it was operationally called. The regiment, along with affiliated forces successfully repelled repeated enemy attacks.

 23 Cavalry (Frontier Force)  

The regiment was in the Lahore Sector. On 8-9 September 1965, it took part in the 22 Brigade counter attack across BRBL Canal, from over the North Syphon so as to destroy the enemy and secure the area up to the Grand Trunk Road at Mile 13-14. During the counter attack near Pul Kanjri Distributry, a jeep along with pennon, briefcase and diary of Major General Naranjan Purshad, GOC 15 Indian Division was also captured. During this action, 2 officers, 1 Junior Commissioned Officer and 5 sowars of the regiment embraced Shahadat.

24 Cavalry (Frontier Force)  

Rann of Kutch April 1965 While stationed at Lahore under Headquarters 10 Division, the regiment detached A Squadron for deployment under Headquarters 8 Division in Chhor Sector. Later, A Squadron along with 2 FF, under command 6 Brigade, attacked and captured Biar Bet.

Khem Karan September 1965 The unit was under command 1 Armoured Division at Raiwind. As part of 5 Armoured Brigade, it took part in operations across Rohi Nullah in Kasur Sector. In this operation by significant personal gallantry, Major Khadim Hussain destroyed three enemy tanks with an abandoned recoilless rifle.

 25 Cavalry  

The regiment under command 6 Armoured Division in Chawinda Sector remained in action throughout the 17 days of the war. 8 September was the most crucial day when four Indian divisions spear headed by their First Armoured Division (Fakhar-e-Hind) broke out of village Charwa on three axis. With total disregard to enemy strength, 25 Cavalry repulsed enemy advance by inflicting heavy casualties. The day’s action culminated in capture of the vital ground of Gadgor. The badly mauled enemy leaving his destroyed equipment withdrew towards Chobara. On the next day, the enemy made desperate efforts to dislodge the unit from Gadgor, but the regiment held on till 10 September. The C-in-C Pakistan Army General Muhammad Musa came specially to address the regiment at Pasrur, during which he praised the deeds of the regiment and announced the title of “MEN OF STEEL”, which was later approved by General Headquarter in 1976. The regiment was awarded 5 Sitara-i-Jur'at, 10 Tamgha-i-Jur'at. During this action 2 Junior Commissioned Officerss, 5 Non-Commissioned Officers and 9 soldiers of the regiment embraced shahadat.

top
 1971 War
13th Lancers  

The regiment as part of 8 Independent Armoured Brigade Group, fought in the Shakargrah area of Sialkot Sector and inspite of heavy losses in men and material during counter attack on the enemy bridgehead on 16 December, it stood firm and in the process forced the enemy to withdraw and yield ground. Twenty four personnel were martyred in this action.  The regiment was awarded battle  honour of Bara Pind 1971.

Guides Cavalry (Frontier Force)  

The regiment, as part of 6 Armoured Division, remained dispersed in Sahiwal Jungle for deception, depicting an armoured force with dummy tanks. Later it moved to 33 Division area in Chhor-Umerkot Sector. In this sector 1 Junior Commissioned Officer and 2 Sowars embraced Shahadat due to an enemy air attack.

20 Lancers  

The regiment took part in this war under 8 Division from the border in the north to Road Shakargrah-Zafarwal in the south at Shakargrah Zafarwal Sector. The regiment was tasked to delay the enemy onslaught between Deg Nadi on the west and River Bein on the east for 48 hours but the enemy was delayed for 13/14 days. Sowar Muhammad Hussain embraced Shahadat and earned Nishan-i-Haider for his selfless devotion and extreme act of gallantry, the only person in the Armoured Corps to get this award so far. Sixteen men embraced Shahadat, while forty five got wounded.

 4 Cavalry  

The regiment as part of 11 Division, participated in the war at Hussaini wala sector and captured the given objective, in the Indian territory. The regiment was awarded the battle honour Qaisar-i-Hind 1971. The regiment was awarded two Tamgha-i-Jur'ats and one Sitara-i-Jurat in this operation. One Junior Commissioned Officer and two soldiers of the regiment embraced Shahadat during this war.

 22 Cavalry  

Under command 18 Division in Reti-Rahimyar Khan Sector, the regiment was to spearhead the capture of Jaisalmir Sector. At 1530 hours on 3 December 1971, after long marches for concentration and a day of postponement, the operation commenced. On 5 December, an action was fought by a Squadron at Longanewala and with the help of 38 Baloch Regiment, the enemy was cut off. There after relentless enemy air strikes for most part of the day, resulted in the loss of 17 tanks and fifteen Shaheeds, forcing the regiment to fall back into own territory by early next day.

 23 Cavalry (Frontier Force)  

The regiment saw active field service in Zafarwal Sector. Alongwith companies of 20 Baloch, C Squadron took Part in re-capture of villages Sank and Cheena Bedi Chand.

 24 Cavalry (Frontier Force)  

It was on night 16/17 December that the regiment was ordered to move to forward concentration area and finally placed near village Ramke on the MRL Canal approximately 7-8 miles short of Pasrur.

27 Cavalry  

During the war the regiment operated in Narowal –Shakargarh/Zafarwal area as part of 8 Independent Armoured Brigade Group. The regiment took part in the famous battle at Bara Pind and Dharam Enclave. The regiment shot down one Indian aircraft during the siege of Dharam enclave.

 31 Cavalry  

In the 1971 war, the regiment saw action in Sialkot sector as part of 8 Independent Armoured Brigade Group. It was part of the action at Bara Pind near Zafarwal that two officers, one Junior Commissioned Officer, one Non-Commissioned Officer and six sowars embraced Shahadat.

 28 Cavalry  

The regiment, under command 2 Armoured Brigade took a very active part in the capture of Chamb (now Eftikharabad). During the battle, the regiment captured 40 prisoners of war including one major of 9 Jat Battalion, 11 tanks in running condition and vast quantities of arms and ammunition. six Junior Commissioned Officers,  two  Non-Commissioned Officers and 10 sowars embraced Shahadat.

 29 Cavalry  

It is the only Armoured Corps regiment which took part in the fighting in 1971 War in East Pakistan. The regiment was dished out even to troop level. Its troops fought in the areas of Rangpur, Pochagrah, Thakargaon, Dinajpur, Mandalpara, Saidpur, Bahadargang, Hilli, Dogra, Kushtia, Naugaon, Dacca and Narainganj. This was very challenging work in the adverse internal security environments against the Mukti Bahini over a prolonged period, and against numerically superior Indian forces. The chivalrous action of  LD/Clk Ghulam Sarwar, on 16 December 1971 at Bogra shall always be remembered with great pride. He preferred Shahadat over surrender while fighting against an over whelmingly numerically superior enemy. This day is celebrated by the regiment. The regiment was decorated with 5 Sitara-i-Jur'ats, 2 Tamgha-i-Jur'ats for its splendid performance during 1971 war in the former East Pakistan.

 38 Cavalry  

The regiment, under command Headquarters 18 Division fought in the Rajasthan Sector. Regiment less one squadron, that was detached to 55 Brigade at Chhor, was part of the advanced towards Jaisalmir. Despite old and unreliable equipment it marched to Masitwari Bhit and later reached 5 kilometers short of Longane Wala, in India, at about 0700 hours on 5 December 1971. Due to intense enemy air attack, move was restricted only to the hours of darkness. On 9 December 1971 the regiment was ordered to withdraw from area Longane Wala (28 kilometers inside Indian territory) to Masitwari Bhit. During this brief action 1one Junior Commissioned Officer, one Non-Commissioned Officer and two sowars of the regiment embraced Shahadat.

 51 Lancers  

During November 1971 while moving to its operational area in Chishtian Sector the regiment shot down two enemy Hunter aircrafts and captured one of the pilots Flt. Lt Vikrim Singh. During this acting, two sowars of the regiment embraced shahadat. Sitara-i-Jur'at was awarded to Maj Tariq Baig (Commanding Officer Train) and Tamgha-i-Jur'at was awarded to Sowar Ghulam Abbas posthumously. The regiment was also given the title of Silver Eagles.

top

 


Shaheeds of Armoured Corps
War Officer JCOs OR
1948 - 01 01
1965 15 13 187
1971 14 17 143

top

 UN Peace Keeping Mission

Following regiments of Armoured Corps have participated in United Nations Mission for peace keeping:-

13 Lancers

The regt was sent to “Eastern Slovenia” in 1996 as the part of United Nations Peace Mission. It is also a great honour for 13th lancers that it was the first Armoured Regiment, which was sent to United Nations Peace Missions to Europe.

19 Lancers

Initially one squardon was detailed for United Nations Mission in July 1993. Later, on 28th March the complete regiment was deputed to Somalia for subj mission. The regiment  came back in February 1995. 

top

 

 The Armoured Corps Centre

The Muslim element of the Indian Armoured Corps Centres at LUCKNOW, BABINA and AHMED NAGAR formed the nucleus of the Pakistan Armoured Corps Training Regiment. After collecting a token share of stores, equipment and funds they moved to Nowshera – Pakistan. The advance parties arrived in August 1947 while the main parties followed a month later. The Sikh Regimental Training Centre and British Military Hospital Lines were occupied. Needless to say that considerable difficulties were experienced both in India and on arrival in Pakistan, but due to remarkable patience and energy displayed by all ranks, the obstacles were sur-mounted with the untiring efforts and hard work of those few who laid the foundations of this elite corps.

On 13th April 1948, the founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited the AC Centre and addressed a durbar which is a unique honour and cannot be claimed by many in Pakistan.  He spoke about cavalry as:-

Quaid-e-Azam Said

Cavalry has always been the spearhead of the army. This is no less true in these days of mechanization that it was in the days of horses. To carry out their role cavalry must have the very best in officers and men. Whether they do in fact attain this level depends very largely on you. You produce the recruit and turn him out as trained soldier. Upon this training and teaching depends the efficiency of the Armoured Corps as a whole”

The proof of combat efficiency of the corps was the action taken in 1948 during Kashmir War. Later the major operational participation by Armoured Corps was during Indo-Pak War of September 1965.  It stood the test in a most splendid and praiseworthy manner. The men fought with valour and determination unparalleled in recent history. Many laid down their lives for the country.  A total of 53 gallantry awards were bestowed upon Officers, Junior Commissioned Officers and Soldiers of the Corps in recognition of their deeds in the battle field including the most coveted gallantry award of Nishan-e-Haider. Over sixty Imtiazi Sands were also awarded to the personnel of the Corps.  After the Indo-Pak War 1965, a few more regiments were raised / re-organised.

During the War of 1971 individual regiments took part in Chammb and Sind.  Again the regiments came upto the expectations and proved once again that Pakistan Armoured Corps is a force to reckon with.

The equipment has now changed much, to include some of the latest of the family of tanks. What’s more, a high standard of training has been achieved at all levels. The Armoured Corps Stands today as most hard-hitting, mobile force ready to perform its role for the defence of Pakistan both in peace and War.

The Corps has since grown in size to the extent that it would barely be recongisable to the founding fathers of 1947. This besides other factors has only been possible due to vigorous efforts of the Armoured Corps Centre in maintaining a steady flow of manpower to be absorbed in different Armour Regiments. top

  Armoured Corps Records

 Armourd Corps Records was established in 1947, since then, it has been managing voluminous data relating to serving and retired personnel. Armoured Corps Records functions in close collaboration with Armourd Corps Centre under the overall guidance of the Centre Commandant who is also Officer Incharge Records with its computerized systems the access to data has been facilitated to quite on extent. 

Armoured Corps Mess. Armoured Corps Officers Mess, Nowshera is located on river bank of Kabul. The location is the same as was the original men.  The construction of new mess was completed in 1980 and was inaugurated by the President of Pakistan General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (late) on 2 November 1980. Due to its unique location and beautiful lawns alongwith a picturesque view of the river, it is considered to be one of the most beautiful mess of the Pakistan Army. This mess can hold upto 1000-1200 guests at one time in its lawns.       

     top      

 

Honour and Awards (Nishan-e-Haider).

 Number 1028148 Sowar Muhammad Hussain Shaheed, Nishan-i-Haider, was born on 18 January 1949 at Dhoke Pir Bakhsh. His father Roze Ali was an agriculturist by profession. Sowar Muhammad Hussain joined the army at the age of seventeen years and got training as a driver in the Armoured Corps Centre, later he joined 20 Lancers on 23 May 1967. During the 1971 War, Sowar Muhammad Hussain embraced Shahadat and was awarded Nishan-i-Haider, the highest gallantry award of Pakistan Army, posthumously, on 17 January 1972. Till now he is the sole recipient of this award in the Armoured Corps.

 

                                                

Sowar Muhammad Hussain Shaheed (NISHAN-E-HAIDER) Boys Hostel.

Sowar Muhamad Hussain Shaheed (NISHAN-E-HAIDER) Boys Hostel was established in October 1992 to give free education to male children of Shaheed, deceased, war wounded and retired / serving Junior Commissioned Officers / Soldiers of the Armoured Corps on merit. Initially the numbers of students were 40, which was subsequently to 82. Students from class 6th to Intermediate are eligible for admission in the Hostel. All expenses on account of boarding, lodging, medical treatment, books, stationary, school and extra coaching fee etcetera are borne by the Armoured Corps Centre.           

      

top
 
 

 SCHOOL OF ARMOUR AND MECHNAZED WARFARE

 Following amendments may please be made under the heading of courses:-

The Courses

Tactical Wing Course

Duration

Frequency

Category

Junior Staff Course (JSC)

10 weeks

Twice a year

Officers

Mid Career Course (MCC)

10 weeks

Twice a year

Officers

Basic Young Officer Course
(AC)

22 weeks

Twice a year

Officers

Technical Officers Course (TOs)

16 weeks

Once a year

Officers

Armament Instructor

12 weeks

Once a year

Officers

Communication Instructors
Course (CI)

10 weeks

Once a year

Officers

Armament Instructor

12 weeks

Twice a year

Junior commissioned Officer/Non commissioned Officer

Communication Instructors
Course (CI)

12 weeks

Twice a year

Junior commissioned Officer/
Non commissioned Officer

Driving & Maintenance Instructor Course (D&M)

12 weeks

Twice a year

Junior commissioned Officer/Non commissioned Officer

Junior Non Commissioned Officer Course (JNC)

8 weeks

Twice a year

Non commissioned officers

Advance Leadership Course (ALC)

8 weeks

Twice a year

Senior Non commissioned officers

Selection Criteria

Basic Young Officers Course (YO)

Service

  • ASP within 1 year of  service.
  • Must have attended at least one collective training/training cycle camp.

Qualification

  • Officers standard map reading.

 

Junior Staff Course (JSC) and Mid Career Course (MCC)

Service  - 5 - 6 years

Qualification

Officers who have already attended 1x Technical Instructor Course i.e TOs, CI or AI.

Technical Officers (TOs), Communication Instructor (CI) and Armament Instructor (AI) Course

 Service          -           2 - 7 years

 Qualification

  • Armoured Corps/ Mechanised Infantry Battalion Officers having obtained minimum BEE (B) grade in basic course.
  • Other arms officers must have obtained minimum BEE (B) grade in the Young Officers’ Basic Course.
  • Should be in possession of military driving license for TOs Course only.

Junior Commissioned Officer/ Non Commissioned Officer Course Criteria

  • 1.         Junior Non Commissioned Officer Course    

    • a.         Service Limit             6-13 Years     (or within two years of promotion                                                                            to present rank)

    • b.         Incentive         -           Promotion examination and Technical trade                                                         test exempted.

  • 2.         Advance Leadership Course

    • a.         Service Limit             8-18 Years    

    • b.         Incentive         -           Only promotion cadre will be exempted.

  • 3.         Driving & Maintenance Instructor Course

    • a.         Service Limit

      • (1)       Naib /Risaldar             With in 2 years of promotion.

      • (2)       Daffadar/ Lance Daffadar/Acting Lance Daffadar. 5-15 Years        

  • 4.         Armament Instructor Course

    • a.         Service Limit

      • (1)       Naib /Risaldar.         With in 2 years of promotion.

      • (2)       Daffadar.  7-18 Years

      • (3)       Lance Daffadar/Acting Lance Daffadar.  5-18 Years 

  • 5.         Communication Instructor Course

    • a.         Service Limit

      • (1)       Naib /Risaldar.         With in 2 years of promotion.

      • (2)       Daffadar.  7-18 Years

      • (3)       Lance Daffadar/Acting Lance Daffadar.  5-18 Years 

 

top
 

 Colonel In Chiefs

a. Colonel In Chiefs

Serial

Rank

Name

Date of Appointment

(1)

 Mr  Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto

01-11-1974

(2)

General 

Shamim Alam Khan, NI(M), S.J.,S.Bt      

24-11-1993

(3)

General

Jehangir Karamat, NI(M), T.Bt

24-11-1996

(4)

General

Muhammad Yusaf Khan

14-01-2002

(5)

General

Ahsan Saleem Hayat, NI(M)

12-11-2004

b. Colonel Commandants

Serial

Rank

Name

Date of Appointment

(1)

General

Muhammad Yousaf

12-06-1952

(2)

Major General

Sarfraz Khan

25-11-1958

(3)

Lieutenant Colonel

Sahibzada Yaqub Khan, S.Pk

25-11-1963

(4)

General

Muhammad Zia Ul Haq

05-05-1974

(5)

Lieutenant General

Alam Jan Mahsud, HI(M), T.Bt

12-09-1989

(6)

Lieutenant General

Jehangir Karamat, NI(M), T.Bt

23-11-1993

(7)

Lieutenant General

Muhammad Maqbool, HI(M), T.Bt

23-11-1996

(8)

Lieutenant General

Hamid Javed

22-03-2001

(9)

Lieutenant General

Javed Alam Khan

03-03-2005

(10)

Lieutenant General

Muhammad Hamid Khan, HI (M), S.Bt

17-04-2006

 

 

 
top
 Quick Links

History

State of Armoured Corps in 1947-1948 

War Performance

Shaheeds

UN Peace Keeping

Colonel In Chiefs

School of Armour and Mechanized Warfare

 

 


Website Clicks: